In response to the increasing threat of H5N1 virus, the FAO implemented a set of 5 projects under the Technical Cooperation Programmes for Eastern Europe and Caucasus, for the Middle East and for East, West and North Africa. These projects had the objectives of improving epidemiological surveillance and strengthening capacities to prepare emergency plans against the dissemination of HPAI into the region, in relation to wild birds’ migrations and poultry trade. These workshops were organised by CIRAD in collaboration with FAO, the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) and Wetlands International. Training on technical surveys on wild birds an d epidemiological investigation waere also conducted in parallel in order to strengthen regional collaborations and exchange between research units (wild life; virology and epidemiology). We used a pluridisciplinary approach with general presentations, group discussion, practical application with cumputer assisted learning tools (RANEMA), specialised software on epidemiology and field sessions (catching and counting live birds). In between June 2005 and Septembre 2006, 8 workshops were organised with 170 applicants from 89 countries.